What is Myasthenia Gravis ?
While doing daily household work or any other activity that uses lots of strength, the powerful and strong relaxation and contraction of the muscles are carried out by the sensitive and delicate nerve signals from the Central Nervous
System. If this nerve connection is lost or disturbed then this can lead to a lot of problems.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is one of such neuromuscular disease which is characterized by the damaged or impaired nerve connected to the muscle. Because of this, the weak or unhelpful nerve signals cause muscle weakness. MG is a rare disorder
and it affects women more as compared to men. Between the age of 40 – 60 years, the chances of MG increases.
As of now, there is no permanent cure available for this disease, however, we can improve the overall life, health, and condition of the patient and make them feel better.
Types of Myasthenia Gravis?
MG is divided into 5 main types depending on the progression of the symptoms as follows -
- In this case, the muscles in the eye (Ocular Muscles) becomes weak leading to difficulty in closing the eyes, but the other muscles of the body remain normal.
- In this case, you will find the progression of the weakness in Ocular muscles and in other muscles weakness is very mild. The Oropharyngeal, Axial and respiratory muscles losses their power to some extent.
- In this case, you can observe weakness at the moderate level in Axial, Ocular, Respiratory and Oropharyngeal muscles.
- In this case, you will find the very severe weakness in all the muscles and the food administration can be done via Feeding Tube.
- In this case, the patient becomes bed-bound and need intubation all the time with the assistance of ventilation in some cases.
What causes Myasthenia Gravis ?
When the immune system of the patient starts attacking an important neurotransmitter called as – Acetylcholine; which is very important for the communication between Nerve and Cell, then the muscle weakness starts and this is called
Thymus Gland – A gland which leads to the production of the antibodies in the human body that protects us from Bacteria and Viruses becomes enlarged in the most of the adult patients of Myasthenia Gravis. Normally, the Thymus Gland
is large in Childhood and it goes smaller with the age. You will find complications like Thymomas and Lymphoid Hyperplasia in patients with Myasthenia Gravis.
Symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis :
Symptoms of MG varies from patient to patient, however, the most common and main symptom is Weakness in the voluntarily controlled muscles. In the case, you observe that the muscles weakness occurs whenever you are doing any physical
activity and it gets better while taking rest then you should immediately get your medical checkup done as there could be the possibility of MG.
Other symptoms are as follows –
- Difficulty in lifting the objects, climbing, or walking upstairs.
- Problem in breathing
- Problem with Vision, getting double vision, uncontrolled drop of eyelids
- Finding it difficult to chew or swallow anything
- Difficulty in talking
- Facial Paralysis
Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis :
Though we have not found the permanent cure of MG yet, still the management of MG symptoms is possible and it totally depends on the type, severity, and progress of the disease.
There are various types of MG patient’s management like taking medications such as Corticosteroids, Anticholinesterase, and immunosuppressive agents. Sometimes, Thymectomy or Plasmapheresis are also advised to change the functions
of Immune system. In the case of respiratory failure, patients need to be shifted to ICU and Intubation will be given. Giving Immunoglobulin intravenously is also recently discovered to repair the damaged response of the immune
Stem Cell Therapy for Myasthenia Gravis :
Undoubtedly, the success and result of stem cell therapy in helping the patients with Myasthenia Gravis is creating new treatment possibility of MG. Recent research and studies related to Stem Cell Therapy has shown a long-lasting
remission and controlling the symptoms of the disease in patients with severe MG condition.
Stem Cell Therapy leads to complete stoppage of the progression of the MG and at the same time giving a symptom-free life to the patient with long-lasting remission.
MedAcess has developed the Stem Cell Therapy program to treat various conditions. During our stem cell treatment, each patient receives 200 – 300 million stem cells. The quantity of the stem cells not only covers daily losses but exceeds
them a million times. Thus, the source of the stem cells which is practically lost for the last 15 – 20 years, is recovered and restored. After our stem cell infusion, various organs get rejuvenated and they get renewed because
the new and active stem cells completely replace the old and damaged ones.
Advantages of Stem Cell Therapy at MedAcess :
- Zero side effects and rejections free
- Zero risks of Allergic or Immune reactions
- No risk of transmissible disease
- No oncological complications
- Minimum hospital stay
- Long lasting results
Our package includes :
- Dedicated Stem Cell Doctor during the treatment
- Dedicated separate nurse or staff for the patient deputed by the hospital.
- Private ward single seat deluxe room in the hospital in which one attendant can stay during the treatment to maintaining very high degree of hygiene & odor free environment
- Provided the food for the patient (Recommended by Doctor)
- Food for the caregiver during stay (Only for International Patient)
Also, include in the treatment
- Consultation Fees
- Doctor’s visits
- Nursing Charges
- Physiotherapy (as per recommendation)
- OT / ICU / Recovery room charges
- Basic Lab Investigation as per list is given below :
- Complete blood Counts
- Routine urine analysis
- Liver function tests
- Renal function tests
- Blood sugar (random)
- Test for HIV, HBV,HCV& Syphilis
- X-ray chest
- Coagulation profile